People, in general, tend to take health and fitness for granted. In fact, it’s only when something isn’t right that they try to do something about it. For example, if you are naturally gifted and healthy, it’s unlikely you’ll think too much on what you eat or how much physical activity you are getting. On the other hand, if you are underweight, overweight, or have some other malady, you’ll get more focused on your diet and exercise. However, almost everyone needs to pay attention to their health and fitness.
Most noteworthy, chances of living a long life are best for fit and healthy individuals In fact, staying fit reduces your risk of suffering from heart diseases, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis and may types of cancer.
In addition, staying in good shape gives you more energy to perform everyday tasks at home or at work. Furthermore, staying fit as you age reduces your risk of falling.
Also, according to the Centers for Disease Control, staying active and fit reduces your risk of depression and helps you maintain a healthy brain.
Next, a fit and healthy person will spend less money on health care than one who is not. And, these savings continue to increase as you get older. In fact, a study at University of Texas looked at 20,000 middle-aged men and women. And the study found that the healthiest participants had 38 percent lower health care costs later in life than participants who were not fit and healthy.
In addition, another study published in the Public Library of Science Medicine had 20,000 participants. And this study reported that participants who exercised regularly, drank alcohol only in moderation, consumed a nutritious diet and avoided smoking had a 14 year longer life expectancy.
Finally, a healthy diet and regular exercise helps reduce free radicals as well as inhibit the release of toxins associated with disease and infections.
The four major components of fitness and health are:
First and foremost, food and diet plays the most significant role in keeping you fit and healthy. A diet that is well balanced provides the energy you need to keep active all day long. And staying active helps you maintain a healthy weight. In addition, your body gets nutrients needed for growth and repair, which helps prevents diet-related illness.
For example, a balanced diet low in saturated fat and high in fiber found in whole grains, helps to reduce risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Meanwhile, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy helps reduce risk of heart disease by maintaining low blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Finally, a diet rich in calcium keeps your teeth and bones strong while helping to slow down bone loss as you get older.
Sleep is an important component necessary for your health and fitness, overall health, and mental well-being. Well published guidelines recommend that to obtain the most benefits, eight hours of good sleep is needed every day. On the other hand, lack of sleep has many bad consequences on your health and well-being. For example, insufficient sleep has been proven to lower the efficiency of your immune system. In addition, lack of sleep has also been implicated in contributing to heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Finally, as another example, recent studies suggest that not getting enough sleep prevents people from losing weight.
Stress is also an important component of your health and fitness, overall health, and mental well-being. In fact, stress affects you in many ways. Some of them include, anxiety, overeating, under eating, fatigue, sleep problems, lack of motivation, restlessness, social withdrawal to name just a few. Fortunately, there are many techniques, such as physical activity or meditation, to help you reduce stress.
Physical activities, such as regular exercise, helps you become and stay fit and healthy in some of the following ways.